PRAKTIK PEMBERIAN MAKANAN PENDAMPING AIR SUSU IBU PADA SITUASI BENCANA: STUDI LITERATUR

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32584/jpi.v5i1.827

Keywords:

anak usia dini, bayi, bencana, MPASI

Abstract

Latar belakang: Peristiwa bencana menempatkan bayi dan anak usia dini menghadapi situasi krisis salah satunya perihal kebutuhan makanan. Bantuan yang datang seringkali tidak memperhatikan makanan untuk kelompok usia tersebut, sehingga berbagai risiko penyakit akibat nutrisi akan berdampak pada bayi dan anak usia dini. Tujuan: Studi literatur ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui praktik MPASI pada berbagai situasi bencana. Metode: Penelusuran literatur menggunakan beberapa database online dengan kata kunci "infant and young child feeding”, “complementary feeding", disaster, emergencies, dan refugee.  Filter Kriteria inklusi yang digunakan adalah berisi penelitian terkait MPASI, melibatkan anak usia 6-24 bulan pada situasi bencana, tahun pencarian dibatasi 10 tahun terakhir, artikel dapat diakses secara full text, dan artikel dalam Bahasa Inggris. Kriteria eksklusi yang ditetapkan adalah penelitian melibatkan anak berkebutuhan khusus dan artikel yang berisi systematic review . Hasil: Terdapat sembilan artikel yang lolos seleksi pada studi literatur ini.Tema yang muncul dari sembilan artikel tersebut adalah 1) pemberian MPASI di situasi bencana pada umumnya tidak mencapai Minimum Dietary Diversity; 2) terjadi kerawanan pangan;3) kondisi Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene Promotion (WASH) sebagian besar buruk; dan 4) usia pengenalan MPASI kurang dari 6 bulan. Simpulan: Praktik pemberian MPASI di situasi bencana secara umum belum optimal. Bantuan yang diberikan selayaknya dapat menunjang pemberian MPASI sesuai standar

Author Biographies

Astuti Astuti, Universitas Indonesia

Student of Master of Nursing Program, Faculty of Nursing

Dessie Wanda, Universitas Indonesia

Faculty of Nursing

References

Abdullah, A. A., Rifat, M. A., Hasan, M. T., Manir, M. Z., Khan, M. M. M., & Azad, F. (2018). Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices, household food security and nutritional status of under-five children in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science, 6(3), 789–797. https://doi.org/10.12944/CRNFSJ.6.3.21

Carothers, C., & Gribble, K. (2014). Infant and young child feeding in emergencies. Journal of Human Lactation, 30(3), 272–275. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890334414537118

Creek, T. L., Kim, A., Lu, L., Bowen, A., Masunge, J., Arvelo, W., . . . Davis, M. K. (2010). Hospitalization and mortality among primarily nonbreastfed children during a large outbreak of diarrhea and malnutrition in Botswana, 2006. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. 53(1), 14-19. doi:10.1097/ QAI.0b013e3181bdf676

DeYoung, S., Suji, M., & Southall, H. G. (2018). Maternal perceptions of infant feeding and health in the context of the 2015 Nepal Earthquake. Journal of Human Lactation, 34(2), 242–252. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890334417750144

Emergency Nutrition Network. (2017). Panduan operasional pemberian makanan bagi bayi dan balita dalam situasi darurat.

Goudet, S. M., Griffiths, P. L., Bogin, B. A., & Selim, N. (2011). Impact of flooding on feeding practices of infants and young children in Dhaka, Bangladesh Slums: What are the coping strategies? Maternal and Child Nutrition, 7(2), 198–214. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-8709.2010.00250.x

Gribble, K. (2018). Supporting the most vulnerable through appropriate infant and young child feeding in emergencies. Journal of Human Lactation, 34(1), 40–46. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890334417741469

Kabir, A., & Maitrot, M. R. L. (2017). Factors influencing feeding practices of extreme poor infants and young children in families of working mothers in Dhaka slums: A qualitative study. PLoS ONE, 12(2), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172119

Kalid, M., Osman, F., Sulaiman, M., Dykes, F., & Erlandsson, K. (2019). Infant and young child nutritional status and their caregivers’ feeding knowledge and hygiene practices in internally displaced person camps, Somalia. BMC Nutrition, 5(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40795-019-0325-4

Marcantonio, F. Di, Custodio, E., & Abukar, Y. (2020). Child dietary diversity and associated factors among children in Somalian IDP Camps. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 41(1), 61–76. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119861000

Martinez, B., Webb, M. F., Gonzalez, A., Douglas, K., Del Pilar Grazioso, M., & Rohloff, P. (2018). Complementary feeding intervention on stunted Guatemalan children: A randomised controlled trial. BMJ Paediatrics Open, 2(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjpo-2017-000213

Morseth, M. S., Grewal, N. K., Kaasa, I. S., Hatloy, A., Barikmo, I., & Henjum, S. (2017). Dietary diversity is related to socioeconomic status among adult Saharawi refugees living in Algeria. BMC Public Health, 17(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4527-x

Nassanga, P., Okello-Uma, I., & Ongeng, D. (2018). The status of nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices associated with complementary feeding in a post-conflict development phase setting: The case of Acholi sub-region of Uganda. Food Science and Nutrition, 6(8), 2374–2385. https://doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.829

PAHO & WHO. (2001). Guiding principles for complementary feeding of the breastfed child. http://www.paho.com

Prudhon, C., Maclaine, A., Hall, A., Benelli, P., Harrigan, P., & Frize, J. (2016). Research priorities for improving infant and young child feeding in humanitarian emergencies. BMC Nutrition, 2(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40795-016-0066-6

Style, S., Tondeur, M., Wilkinson, C., Oman, A., Spiegel, P., Kassim, I. A. R., Grijalva-Eternod, C., Dolan, C., & Seal, A. (2013). Operational guidance on the use of special nutritional products in refugee populations. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 34(4), 420–428. https://doi.org/10.1177/156482651303400407

Summers, A., & Bilukha, O. O. (2018). Suboptimal infant and young child feeding practices among internally displaced persons during conflict in eastern Ukraine. Public Health Nutrition, 21(5), 917–926. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017003421

Tappis, H., Doocy, S., Haskew, C., Wilkinson, C., Oman, A., & Spiegel, P. (2012). United Nations High Commissioner for refugees feeding program performance in Kenya and Tanzania: A retrospective analysis of routine Health Information System data. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 33(2), 150–160. https://doi.org/10.1177/156482651203300209

Theurich, M. A., & Grote, V. (2017). Are commercial complementary food distributions to refugees and migrants in europe conforming to international policies and guidelines on infant and young child feeding in emergencies? Journal of Human Lactation, 33(3), 573–577. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890334417707717

Walsh A, Kearney L & Dennis N. (2015). Factors influencing first-time mothers’ introduction of complementary foods: A qualitative exploration. BMC Public Health 15, 939.

WHO. (2008). Indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding practices: Part 1 Definition. In World Health Organization (Vol. 2007, Issue November). WHO Press. https://doi.org/ISBN 978 92 4 159975 7

Downloads

Published

2021-06-09

Issue

Section

Articles