Pengembangan Supervisi Refleksi “Gibbs” untuk Peningkatan Kepatuhan Kebersihan Tangan Petugas Kesehatan

Muhammad Fandizal, Hanny Handiyani

Abstract


Supervision is an actuating part of the management function to achieve the goals of the organization. Supervision of hand hygiene compliance 94 health workers conducted by infection, prevention, & control link nurse (IPCLN) using direct supervision methods. The purpose of developing indirect supervision is because direct supervision is not effective to be carried out, so the development of supervision reflection "Gibbs Reflective Cycle" to assess the compliance of nurses in doing hand hygiene. The method used is the Pilot Study involving internal and external reform agents. Sample selection using purposive sampling as many as 30 respondents consisting of nurses, doctors, and caregivers. The implementation of the study concluded that the compliance of officers in performing hand hygiene was 72.33%, and then Fish Bone analysis was conducted to determine the main problem. The problem was solved by developing the organization using the Kurt Lewin method and using plan, do, check and action (PDCA). The program is carried out by making manuals and operational procedures standard (OPS) for the supervision of reflection. The recommendation given is to propose a draft reflection supervision manual and the OPS that has been prepared should be endorsed by the President Director and disseminating information to the Nursing Manager, the head of the room, and / IPCLN.


Keywords


Supervisi; Gibbs; Kebersihan Tangan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anggeria, E., & Maria. (2018). Hubungan Supervisi Dengan Pelaksanaan Asuhan Keperawatan Di Ruang Rawat Inap Lantai 10 Rumah Sakit Umum Royal Prima Medan. Jurnal JUMANTIK, 3(2), 79-97 ISSN 2580-281X. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.30829/jumantik.v3i2.1939

Asmawati, Ananda, Y., & Alkafi. (2018). Di Ruang Rawat Inap Rsu Aisyiyah Padang Tahun 2013. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan (JIK), 2(2), 108-112 ISSN 2597-8594. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.33757/jik.v2i2.125

Atmaja, A. D., Hartini, M. I., & Dwiantoro, L. (2018). Pengaruh Supervisi Klinik Model Akademik Terhadap Kemampuan Perawat Dalam Menerapkan Patient Centered Care (PCC) Di Rumah Sakit. Jurnal Keperawatan Dan Pemikiran Ilmiah, 4(16), 41-54 ISSN: 2476-8987. https://doi.org/10.30659/nurscope.4.1.41-54

Avşar, G., Kaşikci, M., & Yağci, N. (2015). Hand Washing of Nursing Students : An Observational Study. International Journal of Caring Science, 8(3), 618-625 Ε-ISSN: 1792-037X.

Basri. (2018). Hubungan Supervisi Kepala Ruangan terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Perawat Pelaksana di Rumah Sakit Imelda Medan. Jurnal Maternitas Kebidanan, 3(2), 91-106 ISSN 2599-1841.

Butenko, S., Lockwood, C. S., & Alexa, M. (2017). Patient experiences of partnering with healthcare professionals for hand hygiene compliance: a systematic review. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep, 15(6), 1645–1670. https://doi.org/10.11124/JBISRIR-2016-003001.

Crotty, G., & Doody, O. (2015). Practising infection control : an evidence-based approach. RCNI Journals, 8(4), 33–37. https://doi.org/10.7748/ldp.18.4.33.e1621

Dewi, R. R. K. (2017). Faktor determinan Kepatuhan Perawat Dalam Melakukan Praktik Cuci Tangan Di RSUD Ade Muhammad Djoen Sintang. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Khatulistiwa, 4(3), 232-237 ISSN 2581-2858. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.29406/jkmk.v4i3.865

Fatikhah, & Zuhri, N. (2019). Pengaruh Supervisi Kepala Ruang Model Reflektif. Jurnal Surya Muda, 1(1), 21-32 e-ISSN 2656-5811.

Gibbs, G. (1998). Learning by doing: A guide to teaching and learning methods. Oxford: Oxford Further Education Unit.

Julianto, M. (2016). Pengaruh Penerapan Supervisi Terhadap Kelengkapan Dokumentasi Asuhan Keperawatan di Lantai 2 IRNA GPS RSUP Fatmawati. Fatmawati Hospital Journal, 1(1), 4.

Loftus, M. J., Guitart, C., Tartari, E., Stewardson, A. J., Amer, F., Bellissimo-Rodrigues, F., … Pittet, D. (2019). Hand hygiene in low- and middle-income countries. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 86, 25–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.06.002

Lynch, L., Hancox, K., Happel, B., & P. (2008). Clinical supervision for nurses. United Kingdom: Willey-Black-Well.

Marquis, B. L., & Huston, C. J. (2015). Leadership Roles and Management Function in Nursing (8th editio). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Menegueti, M., Bellissimo-rodrigues, F., Ciol, M., Martins, M. A., Basile, A., Araújo, T. R. De, … Laus, A. M. (2019). P2652 The impact of replacing powdered gloves by powder-free gloves on hand hygiene compliance among healthcare workers from an intensive care unit : a quasi-experimental study. Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Moureau, N. L., & Flynn, J. (2015). Disinfection of Needleless Connector Hubs : Clinical Evidence Systematic Review. Journal Nursing Research and Practice, 2015, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1155

Ningsih, S. S. R., Noprianty, R., & Somantri, I. (2017). Gambaran pelaksanaan kegiatan kebersihan tangan oleh petugas kesehatan di rumah sakit dustira cimahi. E-Journal UPI, 3(1), 57-68 ISSN 2477-3743. https://doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v3i1.7486

Nopita Wati, N. M., Prihatiningsih, D., & Nanik Haryani, N. P. (2019). Hubungan Supervisi Keperawatan Dengan Pelaksanaan Budaya Safety. Adi Husada Nursing Journal, 4(2), 56. https://doi.org/10.37036/ahnj.v4i2.126

Røsnæs, E. R., Jølstad, A. L., Severinsson, E., & Lyberg, A. (2017). Reflection as a Skill-Clinical Supervision as a Prerequisite for Professional Development to Ensure Patient Safety. Open Journal of Nursing, 07(09), 979–992. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojn.2017.79072

Saragih, M. (2018). Hubungan Pelaksanaan Supervisi Kepala Ruangan Dengan Kinerja Perawat Pelaksana Dalam Pendokumentasian Askep. Jurnal Mutiara Ners, 1(1), 65-72 ISSN 2085-3130.

Sihotang, H., Santosa, H., & Salbiah. (2016). Hubungan Fungsi Supervisi Kepala Ruangan Dengan Produktivitas Kerja Perawat Pelaksana Di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Dr. Pirngadi Medan. Idea Nursing Journal, 7(1), 13-19 ISSN 2087-2879.

Sutomo, S. Y., & Usman, A. (2019). Study Kualitatif Supervisi Kepala Ruangan Dengan Pelaksanaan Pendokumentasian Asuhan Keperawatan Di Ruang Rawat Inap. Jurnal Kesehatan Qamarul Huda, 7(2), 49-58 ISSN 2614-8420.

Thu, T. A., Thoa, T. H., Trang, T. Van, Tien, P., Van, T., Anh, T. K., … Son, T. (2015). Cost-Effectiveness Of A Hand Hygiene Program On Health Care- Associated Infections In Intensive Care Patients At A Tertiary Care Hospital In Vietnam. Am J Infect Control, 43(12), e93-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2015.08.006

Wanda, D. (2015). The development of a clinical reflective practice model for paediatric nursing specialist students in Indonesia using an action research approach. Dissertation: University of Technology Sydney.

Wijaya, S., Andarini, S., & Setyoadi. (2015). Pengalaman perawat sebagai survivor dan pemberi pertolongan kesehatan saat respon tanggap darurat pada korban bencana Tsunami tahun 2004 di Lhoknga dan Lhoong Aceh Besar. Jurnal Kesehatan Wiraraja Medika, 5(2), 108-117 ISSN 2685-9998.

Yanhong, L., Liqun, Z., Kuan, C., & Xin, S. (2016). Application of PDCA Cycle in the Management of Medical Staff Hand Hygiene in Community Hospitals. Acta Medica Mediterranea, 32(1), 477-480 ISSN 2283-9720.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32584/jkmk.v3i1.513

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Muhammad Fandizal, Hanny Handiyani

View My Stats

Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia Jawa Tengah

Central Java Nursing Center, Jl. Yos Sudarso No. 47-49 Genuk, Ungaran Barat, Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia

Tel / fax : (024) 769 13574 / (024) 769 13575 | Email: jurman.kep@gmail.com

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.