Gambaran Self Care Pada Pasien Pasca Stroke di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kedungmundu Semarang

Ayu Martha Puri, Dody Setyawan

Abstract


Stroke merupakan suatu kegawatan yang menyerang neurologis secara mendadak
yang menjadi salah satu penyebab kecacatan dan kematian tertinggi di dunia. Pasien
pasca stroke harus melakukan self care untuk mencegah rehospitalisasi, komplikasi,
dan stroke berulang. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui gambaran self care
pada pasien pasca stroke. Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian survei deskriptif
kuantitatif. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah total sampling.
Responden penelitian ini adalah 79 pasien pasca stroke yang berobat jalan di
Puskesmas Kedungmundu Semarang. Data diambil dengan menggunakan
Kuesioner Self Care Paska Stroke dan dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif. Hasil
penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lebih dari setengah responden memiliki self care
yang baik (57%) dan kurang baik (43%).Peneliti menyarankan bahwa tenaga
kesehatan harus secara aktif berkolaborasi dengan pasien pasca stroke untuk
memberikan motivasi dalam melakukan perawatan diri.

Stroke is a sudden onset of neurological attack which is one of the highest causes
of disability and death in the world. Post-stroke patients must do self-care to
prevent rehospitalization, complications, and recurrent stroke. The aim of this
research is to know the overview of self care in post-stroke patients. This research
used a quantitative descriptive survey research. The sampling technique used is
total sampling. Respondents of this study were 79 post-stroke patients who
outpatient in Puskesmas Kedungmundu Semarang. The data was taken by using the
Questionnaire Self Care Post Stroke and was analyzed by using descriptive
statistic. The result showed that more than half of the respondents have good self
care (57%) and less good (43%). Researchers suggest that paramedics have to
actively collaborate with post stroke patients to provide motivation in doing selfcar


Keywords


paska stroke, self care

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adientya G & Handayani F. (2012). Stres pada kejadian stroke. Jurnal Nursing

Studies.1 (1):183–8.

Barbara R. (2017). Self-care for the prevention and management of cardiovascular

disease and stroke a scientific statement for healthcare professionals from

the American Heart Association. Journal American Heart Association: 1–

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. (2016). New Study: Indonesia faces a “double

burden” of diseases. The Lanchet.

Boger, E.J., Hankins, M., Demain, S.H., Latter, S.M., et al. (2015). Development

and psychometric evaluation of a new patient-reported outcome measure for

stroke self-management: The Southampton Stroke Self-Management

Questionnaire (SSSMQ). Health Quality of Life Outcomes: 1–9.

Camphell, J. (2007). Supporting self-care in general practice. British Journal

General Practice: 57.

Charfi, Trabelsi, S., Turki, M., Mâalej Bouali, M., Zouari, L., Dammak, M., Ben

Thabet, J., Mhiri, C., Mâalej, M., et al. (2016). Impact of physical disability

and concomitant emotional disturbances on post-stroke quality of life

(43(5):429–434).

Devi, S. (2007). Perbedaan komitmen kerja berdasarkan orientasi pada gender.

Universitas Gunadarma.

Dewi, W. (2010). Teori dan pengukuran pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku

manusia. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika.

Gafarov, D., Panov, Gromova, Gagulin, A.G. (2015). Relations of sleep

disturbances with psychosocial factors in female population aged 25–64

years in Russia: Monica-Psychosocial Epidemiological Study.

Go, A.S., Mozaffarian, D., Roger, V.L., Benjamin, E.J., Berry, J.D., Blaha, M.J.,

et al. (2014). Heart disease and stroke statistics--2014 update: a report from

The American Heart Association. Circulation (21;129(3):e28-e292).

Harahap, S. (2015). Hubungan kemampuan fungsi tubuh dan dukungan keluarga

dengan depresi pada pasien pasca stroke. Jurnal Kesehatan USU.

Hidayanti, E. (LP2M UW). (2015). Representasi nilai-nilai Islam dalam pelayanan

kesehatan: studi terhadap Husnul Khatimah Care (Hucare) bagi pasien rawat

inap di Rumah Sakit Nur Hidayah Yogyakarta: 78–80.

Irwan, A.M., Mayumi, K., Kazuyo, K., Teruhiko, K.Y.T.M. (2016). Factors of selfcare practices and health-seeking behavior among older persons in a

developing country: theories-based research. Elsevier International Journal

Nurse Science: 1–11.

Ismatika, U.S. (2017). Hubungan self efficacy dengan perilaku self care pasien

pasca stroke di Rumah Sakit Islam Surabaya.

Ismayanti, D. (2015). Hubungan kualitas hidup pasien stroke dengan perawatan diri

(self care) di Poliklinik Saraf Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Dr Zainoel Abidin

Banda Aceh.

Juliana. (2012). Quality of life pasien pasca stroke di Ruang Rehabilitasi Medis

Rumah Sakit Umum Zainoel Abidin Banda Aceh.

Lis, M.L., & Handayani, F. (2018). Pengaruh pengelolaan stress keluarga terhadap

Activity Daily Living (ADL) pasien post stroke iskemik: literature review.

Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Medical Bedah 2.

Milazzo. (2014). Are you way too stressed out? survey results. An Assessment of

The Stress Levels of Nurses in The United States. Vickie Milazzo Institute.

Mutia, S. (2014). Dukungan keluarga pada pasien paska stroke dalam menjalani

terapi rehabilitasi di RS Haji Medan. Jurnal Kesehatan USU.

Ning Xia & Huige. (2018). Loneliness, social isolation, and cardiovascular health

(28(9): 837–851). Available from:

https://litbang.kemendagri.go.id/website/menurut-penelitian-kesepian

buruk-untuk-kesehatan-jantung/.

Patricia, A.P. (2005). Fundamental of nursing : concept, process, and practice.

Jakarta: Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Riegel, B. (2012). A middle range theory of self care science (chronic illness).

Nursing (Lond) (35), 3, 194-204.

Rosmary, M., & Handayani, F. (2019). Hubungan pengetahuan keluarga dan

perilaku keluarga pada penanganan awal kejadian stroke. Available from:

http://eprints.undip.ac.id/73648/.

Rustika, I.M. (2012). Efikasi diri: tinjauan teori Albert Bandura. Buletin Psikologi

Vol. 20, No.1-2. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Wardhana, W.A. (2011). Strategi mengatasi dan bangkit dari stroke: panduan bagi

penderita, keluarga, sahabat, dan siapa saja yang peduli terhadap stroke.

Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar (Cetakan 1).

Zalihic, A., Marotic, Vedran, Zalihic, D., Mabic, Mirela, et al. (2010). Gender and

quality of life after cerebral stroke. Bosn Jurnal Basic Medical Science.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32584/jikmb.v3i1.355

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats

Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia Jawa Tengah

Central Java Nursing Center, Jl. Yos Sudarso No. 47-49 Genuk, Ungaran Barat, Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia

Tel / fax : (024) 769 13574 / (024) 769 13575 | Email: jurkep.kmb@gmail.com

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.