Pijat Kaki Efektif Menurunkan Foot Edema pada Penderita Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

Kasron Kasron


Oedema kaki merupakan salah satu gejala pada pasien CHF. Oedema kaki dapat menyebabkan penurunan kualitas hidup, ketidaknyamanan, perubahan postur tubuh, menurunkan mobilitas dan meningkatkan resiko jatuh, gangguan sensasi di kaki dan menyebabkan perlukaan di kulit. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh pijat kaki terhadap penurunan oedema kaki pada pasien CHF. Metode penelitian menggunakan quasi-experiment dengan pendekatan pre-post test without control group. Responden penelitian adalah pasien CHF yang mengalami oedema kaki, pemilihan responden menggunakan non-probability sampling dengan metode accidental sampling. Responden diukur lingkar oedema pada lingkar angkle, instep dan MP-Joint menggunakan metline pada sebelum intervensi, hari pertama, kedua dan ketiga. Analisis statistik menggunakan wilcoxon test. Sejumlah 13 responden memenuhi kriteria penelitian. Pada kaki kanan lingkar angkle pre: 27,7±1,8, post 1: 27,6±1,8, post 2 27,5±1,7, post 3: 27,2±1,7, lingkar instep pre: 27,6±1,7, post 1: 27,6±1,8, post 2: 27,2±1,7, post 3: 26,9±1,7, lingkar MP-joint pre: 27,0±1,6, post 1: 27,0±1,6, post 1: 27,0±1,6, post 2: 26,7±1,7, post 3: 26,3±1,7. Kaki kiri lingkar angkle pre: 27,6±1,8, post 1: 27,6±1,8, post 2: 27,3±1,8, post 3: 27,0±1,8, lingkar instep pre: 27,6±1,7, post 1: 27,5±1,7, post 2: 27,2±1,7, post 3: 26,8±1,7, lingkar MP-joint pre: 27,0±1,6, post 1: 26,9±1,8, post 2: 26,5±1,8, post 3: 26,2±1,8. Hasil analisis menunjukan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna lingkar oedema pada kaki kanan setelah hari kedua dan ketiga dengan p-value <0,001. Kesimpulan penelitian adalah terdapat perbedaan lingkar oedema angkle, instep, dan MP-joint pada hari kedua dan ketiga setelah pemijatan kaki pada pasien CHF yang mengalami oedema kaki. Perlu penelitian lanjutan untuk penatalaksanaan oedema kaki pada pasien CHF yang mengalami oedema kaki.


CHF: Foot Oedema; Pijat Kaki

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32584/jikmb.v2i1.203


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