PENGARUH EDUKASI PERAWATAN JANGKA PANJANG PADA LANSIA DENGAN PENGETAHUAN KADER KESEHATAN DI AREA KOMUNITAS
Keywords:Education, Cadres, Long-Term Care
AbstractThe elderly population which increases rapidly along with the downgrading of various systems generate impacts on the health condition of the elderly, thus, long-term care is required. The long-term care requires health cadres or caregivers who support the health workers, however, health cadres or caregivers need to conceive a decent knowledge regarding long-term care on the elderly. According to this phenomenon, therefore, the researchers were interested to conduct a study concerning the impact of the long-term care education for elderly on the knowledge of health cadres. This research aimed to discover the impact of long-term care education for elderly on the knowledge of health cadres in Pokoh Hamlet, Wedomartani, Ngemplak, Sleman, Yogyakarta Special Region. The research was performed through a quasi-experimental method with nonequivalent control group pre and posttest design. The knowledge of the respondent was measured before the education regarding long-term care is provided, then, the respondents were educated, and the knowledge of cadre about long-term care was measured at end of the meeting. Respondents involved in this research were individuals who follow the education and cadres or local people who nurse the elderly. The knowledge of cadres was measured through the questionnaire of long-term care. The statistical hypothesis test was performed on the obtained data through Wilcoxon’s test. A total sampling was used as the sampling technique in this research which resulted in 16 respondents as the sample. The results of this research indicated that the median score of the knowledge of health cadres was 39.5 before the intervention and 45 after the intervention with 0.000 of p-value, there was a significant difference of knowledge between before and after the long-term care education was given on health cadres. The conclusion is that there was a significant difference between the long-term care education with the knowledge of health cadres. Health cadres are expected to be able of performing screening on elderly who require long-term care and also capable of performing long-term care on the elderly which focused on the fulfillment of basic needs.
Allender, J. A., Rector, C., & Warner, K. D. (2014).Community Health Nursing: Promoting & Protecting the Public's Health (8 ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Amigo, T. A. E., Sahar, J., & Sukihananto.(2012). Hubungan Karakteristik dan Pelaksanaan Tugas Perawatan Kesehatan Keluarga Dengan Status Kesehatan Pada Aggregate Lansia Dengan Hipertensi Di Kecamatan Jetis Yogyakarta. Universitas Indonesia, Depok -- Indonesia.
Bektas, M., & Ozturk, C. (2008). Effect Of Health Promotion Education On Presence Of Positive Health Behaviors, Level Of Anxiety And Self-Concept. Social Behavior and Personality, 36(5), 681-690.
Biro Hukum dan Humas BPKP. (1998). Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 13 Tahun 1998 Tentang Kesejahteraan Lanjut Usia. Retrieved 18 April 2012.from www.bpkp.go.id/uu/filedownload/2/45/438.bpkp.
Biro Hukum dan Humas BPKP. (2004). Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 43 Tahun 2004 Tentang Pelaksanaan Upaya Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Sosial Lanjut Usia. Retrieved 18 April 2012.from www.bpkp.go.id/uu/filedownload/4/61/968.bpkp.
DeLaune, S. C., & Ladner, P. K. (2011).Fundamentals of Nursing: Standards & Practice. New York: Delmar.
Direktorat Bina Pelayanan Keperawatan Dan Keteknisian Medik. (2004). Pedoman Kegiatan Perawat Kesehatan Masyarakat Di Puskesmas. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.
Direktorat Kesehatan Keluarga dan Direktorat Jenderal Kesehatan Masyarakat. (2018). Pedoman Untuk Puskesmas Dalam Perawatan Jangka Panjang Bagi Lanjut Usia. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.
Foley, D. L. (2012).Empowerment and job satisfaction among nursing care staff in long term care facilities.Unpublished 3534105, University of the Incarnate Word, Ann Arbor.
Hou, S.-I. (2014). Health Education: Theoretical Concepts, Effective Strategies and Core Competencies. Health Promotion Practice, 15(5), 619–621. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524839914538045
Lyons, S. S., Specht, J. P., Karlman, S. E., & Maas, M. L. (2008). Everyday Excellence: A Framework for Professional Nursing Practice in Long-Term Care. Research in Gerontological Nursing, 1(3), 217–228. https://doi.org/10.3928/00220124-20091301-08
Miller, C. A. (2012). Nursing for Wellness in Older Adults. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
NANDA International. (2018). Nursing Diagnoses: Definitions and Classification 2018 - 2020. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Przybylska, D., Borzęcki, A., Drop, B., Przybylski, P., & Drop, K. (2014). Health Education as an Important Tool in the Healthcare System. Polish Journal of Public Health, 124(3), 145–147. https://doi.org/10.2478/pjph-2014-0032
Pusat Data dan Informasi.(2017). Analisis Lansia Di Indonesia. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.
Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. (2010).Fondation Of Nursing In The Community: Community Oriented Practice. St. Louis Missouri: Mosby.
Stavrou, V., Ploumis, A., Voulgaris, S., Sgantzos, M., & Malliarou, M. (2017). Informal Caregivers’ Perceived Needs for Health Education Information adn Aducational Support: A Comparison between Acute and Sub-Acute Rehabilitation Settings. 10(1), 243–250.
Subdirektorat Statistik Pendidikan dan Kesejahteraan Sosial. (2015). Statistik Penduduk Lanjut Usia 2014. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.
Whitehead, D. (2004). Health promotion and health education: Advancing the concepts. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 47(3), 311–320. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2004.03095.x
World Health Organization. (2011). World Health Statistics 2011: World Health Organization.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.