Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj <p>Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa (<a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1521018085&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">e-ISSN 2621-2978</a>) &amp; (<a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1566463801" target="_blank" rel="noopener">p-ISSN 2685-9394</a>) is a means of developing and publishing scientific works for researchers, lecturers and practitioners of mental nursing published by the <a href="https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/management/settings/context//index.php/jikj/manager/setup/ppnijateng.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia Jawa Tengah</a>. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa is an electronic journal with an open access journal system published twice a year, namely in May and November<em>. </em>Since August 2019, Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa was published in an online and printed version with a frequency of 4 times a year, namely February, May, August, and November.</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa publishes articles within the scope of mental nursing broadly but is limited, especially in the field of mental nursing in healthy, risk and disturbance groups. Articles must be the result of research, case studies, results of literature studies, scientific concepts, knowledge and technology that are innovative and renewed within the scope of mental nursing science both on a national and international scale. </p> <p>his journal has been accredited by National Journal Accreditation (ARJUNA) Managed by Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, Republic Indonesia with First Grade (<a href="http://sinta.ristekbrin.go.id/journals/detail?id=5247" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Peringkat 3, Sinta 3</a>)</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p><div class="freebirdFormviewerViewItemsSectionheaderDescriptionText">The journal allow the authors to hold the copyright without restrictions and allow the authors to retain publishing rights without restrictions.</div><p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p><p>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p><p>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</p><p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a><br />This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> livana.ph@gmail.com (Ns.Livana PH, M.Kep., Sp.Kep.J) gansar@unimus.ac.id (Gansar Timur Pamungkas, S,Kom) Tue, 25 May 2021 03:47:36 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Is There A Relationship Between the Physical and Verbal Abuse of Parents and the Psychosocial Development of School-Aged Children? https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/991 <p><em>Violence in children is an action taken by the caregiver or parent in physical or verbal forms that can endanger the child's health, survival, dignity and development of the child and one of them is psychosocial development. The child's psychosocial development will be disrupted if the caregiver or parent is wrong in educating the child, so that the child withdraws, has difficulty concentrating, likes to interfere, and shows behavior that is not appropriate to his age stage. This study aims to determine the relationship between physical and verbal abuse of parents and the psychosocial development of school age children. This quantitative study used a cross sectional approach with a descriptive correlational design. The study population was school-age children living in Kendal City. The sample consisted of 55 respondents. The data were collected using a questionnaire consisting of 3 statements, namely 8 statements of physical violence, 8 statements of verbal violence and 16 statements of psychosocial development. The validity test was carried out on 30 respondents with r count&gt; 0.361. Reliability test results obtained Cronbach alpha 0.917.Statistical test using the chi square test. The results showed that there was a relationship between the physical and verbal abuse of parents and the psychosocial development of school age children with a value of p = 0.000 (p value &lt;0.05).</em></p> Livana PH, M. Ramli, Carolina Ligya Radjah Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/991 Tue, 25 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Counseling in Resolving Post Traumatic Stress Disorders https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/974 <p><em>Traumatic events are not impossible things in every human life. However, everyone has different coping in dealing with these situations. For some people who experience traumatic events and are unable to cope with the anxiety that arises, they will experience Post Traumatic Stress Desorder (PTSD). The effects of PTSD range from anxiety, insomnia, being unable to forget events, nightmares, and even suicide. This study aims to review counseling that can overcome PTSD problems, namely Eye Movement Desentization and Reprocessing (EMDR). This study uses a recent literature review of several articles on EMDR. Based on the review of the articles conducted, there are several important points, namely (1) the concept of EMDR in the application to overcome PTSD and (2) what are the implications of EMDR for overcoming PTSD. EMDR is one technique that is considered effective in overcoming PTSD problems. Concepts and procedures are discussed.</em></p> Evi Winingsih, M. Ramli, Carolina Ligya Radjah Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/974 Tue, 25 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Person Centered Therapy Counseling in Improving the Confidence of Students with Special Needs of Cerebal Palsy https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/961 <p><em>Students with Special Needs Cerebral Palsy are individuals who take higher education but experience deviation in motor function, especially movement of muscles and have obstacles in the development of motion, causing limited activity. The purpose of this study was to increase the self-confidence of students with special needs Celebral Palsy through Person Centered Therapy counseling. This research is a type of qualitative research with a case study method. The subject of this research is students with special needs Celebral Palsy with the initials "P" who are 19 years old and have low self-confidence. While the research data collection techniques using interviews, observation, and documentation. The data analysis techniques used were Pattern Matching, Explanation, and Time Series Analysis. The result of this study was that “P” students had wrong perceptions about friends, lecturers and the environment because of their physical conditions. The impact is that “P” students feel anxious and depressed so they hesitate to express their opinions when doing activities both on campus and outside campus, are easily discouraged, are awkward in acting, are afraid of presenting in front of the class, and are afraid to ask or answer questions.</em></p> Rischa Pramudia Trisnani, M. Ramli, Carolina Ligya Radjah Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/961 Tue, 25 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Modification of Relaxation with Local Culture to Reduce Anxiety of Pencak Silat Athletes Against Championship https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/964 <p><em>This article aims to examine the effectiveness of modification of counseling strategies to reduce anxiety</em> <em>of pencak silat athletes against championship</em><em>. The subjects in this study were pencak silat athletes. Pencak silat was chosen because this sport requires local culture in various aspects of life, namely wirasa, wiraga, and wirama. These three aspects develop and are applied to their behavior, feelings, and cognitive patterns. This study used a pretest-posttest kontrol design. The treatment given to the experimental group was a modification of the relaxation strategy. There were 10 research subjects in each group with random group determination. The pre-test mean of the experimental group was 74.70 and 78.20 in the kontrol group. Meanwhile, the mean post ice in the experimental group was 50.60 and 60.60 in the kontrol group. The data analysis technique used is the T-test. The results of the analysis of this study showed that the group that received a modification of the relaxation strategy with cultural elements had decreased anxiety levels more than the kontrol group. Culture influences the client's thinking, feeling, and behavior patterns. </em><em>It’s mean that </em><em>combining cultural elements with counseling strategies can effectively reduce athletic anxiety against championships.</em></p> Ari Khusumadewi, M. Ramli, Carolina Ligya Radjah Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/964 Tue, 25 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Improving the Academic Resilience of Students Through the Focus Brief Counseling (SFBC) Solution Approach https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/963 <p><em>Online learning presents a major challenge for the world of education. One of the impacts that can be felt in learning from is the unpreparedness of the education system and stakeholders (teachers and students). The rapid change from face-to-face learning activities to online / online-based learning is a reality that inevitably must be faced. The unpreparedness of students in responding to changes related to online learning presents its own problems in the world of education. In online learning, students are given flexibility in designing their learning activities. The ability of students to be able to respond adaptively to difficulties encountered during online learning is called academic resilience. Academic resilience is one of the determining factors for the learning success of students. Therefore, it is important to realize that in this new normal era, counselors need to help students to improve their academic resilience through short solutions focused counseling services (Solution Focus Brief Counseling / SFBC). Solution Focus Brief Counseling (SFBC) is an alternative counseling service that counselors can choose to help students improve their academic resilience skills. The results showed that the SFBC approach was quite effective in helping students improve their resilience abilities. The SFBC approach is effective in helping students solve their problems because this approach in the process emphasizes more on the focus of the solution, not the problem. So that the counselee can be faster in finding a solution to the problem.</em></p> Noviyanti Kartika Dewi, M. Ramli, Carolina Ligya Radjah Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/963 Wed, 26 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Coping Strategies Related to Self-Esteem on PLWHA in Medan Plus Foundation https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/973 <p><em>People living with HIV AIDS (PLWHA) not only experience problems physically or biologically, but also experience problems psychologically, socially and spiritually. The problem that often occurs in PLWHA is related to self-esteem. One way to increase the self-esteem of PLWHA is by implementing coping strategies. This study aims to determine the relationship between coping strategies and self-esteem of HIV / AIDS patients at the Medan Plus Foundation. The design of this study was a correlation analytic with a cross-sectional approach with a total population of 2152 and the sampling technique used the consecutive sampling method and identified 58 HIV / AIDS patients. Collecting research data using a questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability. The statistical test used was the chi-square test. The results of this study obtained coping strategies for PLWHA with the majority of emotion focused coping (62.1%) and the majority of PLHIV patients with low self-esteem (65.5%). The conclusion of this study is that there is a significant relationship between coping strategies and self-esteem of HIV / AIDS patients at Medan Plus Foundation.</em></p> Jek Amidos Pardede, Hafizuddin Hafizuddin, Asima Sirait Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/973 Wed, 26 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Case Study On The Use of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) in Reducing Depression Levels in Adult Women https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/992 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to determine whether Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is effective in reducing depression in adult women. This qualitative research used a case study approach with three adult female respondents. The research data were obtained through observation, interviews, and measuring the level of depression using the BDI-II (Beck Depression Inventory-II) and MCMI-IV (Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-IV) measuring instruments. The BDI-II scale score data and the MCMI-IV scale before and after the intervention were then compared. The results of the analysis of this study showed that CBT can reduce the level of depression and that is indicated by a decrease in the score from indicated severe to not indicated in clinical syndrome of persistant depression and major depression on the MCMI-IV scale. Measurements using the BDI-II scale also showed a change in the level of depression from major depression to minimal depression. The measurement results of these two tests were also confirmed by changes in mood, cognitive function and behavior.</em></p> Juliana Hindradjat, M. Ramli, Carolina Ligya Radjah Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/992 Thu, 27 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Resilience Associated with Quality of Life in People with HIV/AIDS https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/960 <p><em>HIV / AIDS is a chronic disease that can affect all aspects of life of sufferers. People with HIV / AIDS (PLWHA) experience problems both physically and psychologically which lead to the quality of life of the individual, therefore the ability to manage and rise from the various pressures experienced with resilience is needed. Resilience is an effort that is owned by a person to be able to withstand changes, illness conditions or difficulties experienced. Resilience functions to cope with, control and overcome negative experiences in life, so that PLWHA can adapt. this study used a descriptive correlation design with a cross-sectional study. Sampling method was using total sampling obtained 50 samples. The data used are primary data by collecting ODHA in one place and given a questionnaire of relevance and quality of life. Data were analyzed using Rank Spearman test. The results of resilience in PLWHA were 39 people (78%) in the medium category, and the quality of life for PLHIVs was 33 people (66%) with moderate category. Spearman rank test results with a value of α = 0.05, the results obtained p value = 0.00 with value of r = 0.785, which means there is a relationship of resilience with quality of life in people with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) (p&lt;α) with strong strength and positive correlation direction. In people with HIV/AIDS, it is not only enough to manage, organize themselves so that life goals are achieved, but also the ability to survive and adapt to the stresses experienced so that PLWHA can have a better quality of life</em>.</p> I Nyoman Asdiwinata, Ni Ketut Lisnawati, Ni Kadek Sintha Yuliana Sari Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/960 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Meta Analysis: Potential Age and Gender Factors Against Depression Events in the Pandemic Time Covid-19 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/967 <p><em>The consistent negative psychosocial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is mental health disorders in the form of depression. Various studies have shown that several factors can influence, such as gender and age. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to measure the influence of gender and age on the incidence of depression during the COVID-19 pandemic in various countries. Database searches were conducted from January-March 2021. Databases included PubMed, Google Scholar, NIH, CDC, and Science Direct. Key words include: “COVID 19 and depression” and “COVID 19 and depression and adjusted Odds Ratio”, “COVID 19 and depression and age” and “COVID 19 and depression and age and adjusted odds ratio”. 5 articles included to quantitative analysis. People aged ≥ 25 years were 2.65 times more likely to experience depression although the result was not significant OR 2.65 (95% CI 0.98-7.18; P = 0.05). Women had 1.77 times the risk of experiencing depression than men and it was statistically significant OR 1.77 (95% CI 1.36-.2.28; P &lt;0.001).</em></p> Suminanto Suminanto, Aris Widiyanto, Aquartuti Tri Darmayanti, Dewi Arradini, Rina Tri Handayani, Joko Tri Atmojo Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/967 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Music Therapy to Reducing Adolescent Anxiety During the Covid-19 Pandemic https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/944 <p><em>The COVID-19 pandemic has a major impact, especially on adolescents. This pandemic demands new habits of social distance, home quarantine, learning from home, limiting teenagers from playing and going out of the house with peers. This makes adolescents feel depressed until they experience mental disorders in the form of anxiety. Anxiety that occurs in adolescents can be overcome with music therapy. Music therapy is a therapy that does not have an adverse effect on adolescents and can reduce anxiety levels by increasing endorphins. This type of research is Quasy experimental pre test post test with control group with the sampling technique with purposive sampling. Music therapy was given for 6 days with a duration of 20-30 minutes. The type of music given is in accordance with the music that the respondent likes. Media providing music therapy with mp4. The level of anxiety in this study was measured using the DASS 42 questionnaire with a reliability of r = 0.82 and a validity test with a Cronbach alpha result of 0.85. The results of the paired t-test showed that the value of p = 0.000 in the intervention group with a mean before the intervention was 12.5 (moderate anxiety) and after being given the intervention in the form of music therapy the mean decreased to 5.5 (normal anxiety) and obtained a value of p = 0.000 and in the control group with a mean 12.3 (moderate anxiety) and after getting the mean 15.05 (severe anxiety). Music therapy given to adolescents has benefits in reducing anxiety so that it can be recommended in providing nursing care.</em></p> Sulistyorini Sulistyorini, Siti Nur Hasina, Iffatul Millah, Faishol Faishol Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/944 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Level of Confidence Through Interpersonal Communication Training Role Play Method https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/619 <p><em>Self-esteem is an attitude or feeling of confidence in its own ability so that the individual concerned is not too anxious in any action. </em><em>Objective: Know the difference in the confidence level before and after the provision of interpersonal communication training in Role play method in youth Orphanage Ar – Rodiyah. Research methods: : This type of research using quantitative studies with the design of the quasi experiment. The population in this study was all adolescent orphanages Ar-Rodiyah Semarang. The sampling technique used is perposive sampling with a total of 10 respondents. Data collection using confidence questionnaires . Data processed with paired samples test . Results of the study: That the average self-confidence score in the respondent before interpersonal communication training in the role play method is 109.3, the lowest score is 104 and the highest is 110. An average of the respondents ' confidence after interpersonal communication training is 114.8. The lowest lowest score is 109.00 and the highest is 117.00. There is a difference in the level of youth confidence before and after in providing interpersonal communication training in role play method, with a P value of 0.000 &lt; α (0.05). Conclusion: There is a difference in the level of youth confidence before and after the provision of interpersonal communication training.</em></p> Eni Kusyati, Tut Wuri Prihatin, Rosviaziani Rosviaziani Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/619 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Description of the Implementation of Early Intervention Program on the Acquisition of the First Language of Down Syndrome Children Through the Application of the Concept of Family Quality of Life https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/667 <p><em>One type of child with special needs is Down Syndrome. His existence will affect the family with its limitations. The title of this study is "Description of The Implementation of Early Intervention Program in The Acquisition of The First Language of Down Syndrome Children Through the Application of The Concept of Family Quality Of Life". The purpose of the study was to describe the implementation of early intervention in the acquisition of the first language of Down Syndrome children. The research method is qualitative with qualitative descriptive approach. The data is obtained by interview and observation methods. The study subjects were families with down syndrome children. Data processing is done by means of content analysis. The results showed that (1) early intervention programs through the application of the concept of family quality of life can help parents of down syndrome children overcome problems in the acquisition of first language (2) FQoL dimensions in the family can realize the quality of life of the family, especially children (3) the need for expert cooperation in the field of services for children with special needs to improve the knowledge and understanding of parents in providing early intervention in children with special needs.</em></p> Rahmi Khalida, Ulfa Suryani Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/667 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Effectiveness of Health Education using the Media Booklets on Mother's Knowledge Level about Stunting https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/990 <p><em>Stunting is a chronic malnutrition condition in the first thousand days of life that can cause growth and cognitive development disorders. Stunted growth symptoms are seen after a 2-year-old baby is characterized by below-average or short height. One of the efforts to improve stunting can be made by increasing knowledge about balanced nutrition. The factor of the mother's lack of knowledge about stunting can affect the nutritional status of children under five years of age. The objective of the research was to identify the effect of health education through brochures on the level of knowledge about stunting. This research used a pre-experimental and analytical design with a one-group pre-test and post-test design that was conducted in November 2020 at Bhumi Jati Permai Benjeng Gresik. The number of samples of 30 respondents using the simple random sampling technique. Data collection through questionnaire and statistical tests with Wilcoxon. The results of the study found that after the intervention the respondents had good knowledge of 93%, sufficient knowledge of 7%. The Wilcoxon test shows the value of p = 0.000, so there is an effect of providing health education with brochures on the level of knowledge of mothers about stunting.</em></p> Etik Lusiani, Irine Yunila Prastyawati, Adventia Nobita Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/990 Mon, 07 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Knowledge and Attitude about Prisoner Szikofrenia https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/975 <p>The prevalence of mental emotional disturbance as indicated by symptoms of depression and anxiety. Schizophrenic mental disorder is a serious mental disorder that is estimated to have a very large risk of recurrence. In Indonesia, it is estimated that 2-3 per 1000 people suffer from serious mental disorders. Schizophrenic sufferers in the community from time to time tend to experience an increase even though efforts to prevent relapse have been carried out. This study aims to determine the knowledge of prisoners in Wirogunan prison about schizophrenia and to determine the attitudes of prisoners in Wirogunan prison towards schizophrenia sufferers. This study was a descriptive study with a cross sectional design, a population of 329 people and the sample of this study was taken by proportional stratified random sampling totaling 77 people. The knowledge of the assisted residents of the Class IIA Yogyakarta Prison regarding schizophrenia is still low, the assisted residents in Wirogunan Prison have negative attitudes towards schizophrenic sufferers and there is a relationship between knowledge about schizophrenia and the attitudes of the assisted residents in Wirogunan Prison towards schizophrenics.</p> Pritta Yunitasari Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/975 Thu, 03 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Video Education Reduces Anxiety of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients in Hospitals https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/1005 <p><em>Patients who have been confirmed for Coronavirus Disease 2019 experience problems not only physically but also psychologically. This psychological impact can affect the patient's healing process if it is not addressed immediately. Especially for Coronavirus Disease 2019 patients who are treated in hospital isolation rooms. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of educational videos on the anxiety of Coronavirus Disease 2019 patients being treated at the Udayana University Hospital. This research is a quantitative study with the pre-experimental one group pretest-posttest design method which was conducted on 35 respondents with purposive sampling. Educational videos were given for five days with a video duration of five minutes. Data were collected using the Zung-Self Anxiety Rating Scale (ZSAS) instrument which consists of 20 statement items. The pre-test mean value was 24.51 and the post-test mean score was 22.14. The Wilcoxon test results obtained a p value of 0.000, which means that there is an effect of providing educational videos on the anxiety of Coronavirus Disease 2019 patients in the hospital.</em> <em>The provision of this educational video can reduce the anxiety felt by Coronavirus Disease 2019 patients while being treated in the Isolation Room at the Udayana University Hospital.</em></p> Emy Darma Yanti Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/1005 Tue, 08 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Factors Predicting Depressive Symptoms During Covid-19 Pandemic https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/1006 <p><em>COVID-19 pandemic not only has significant impact on public health but also on public mental health. It is shown by the increasing number of people with depression during this pandemic. Studies reveal that there are several factors can predict depressive symptoms during COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to identify factors that significantly predict depressive symptoms during COVID-19 pandemic. In the present literature review, articles that focused on factors predicting depressive symptoms among general population during the COVID-19 pandemic were searched in the ProQuest, PubMed and Google Scholar databases by using Boolean Operator. Words such as general population, adult, predicting factors, protective factors, risk factors, depressive symptoms, depression, during pandemic COVID-19 were used as keywords. Then, 114.823 potential studies were found and screened based on inclusion criteria. The final 14 articles were reviewed and used in this study. The majority of population in the present study aged 18 years old and older with the total population was 129.527. Age, gender, marital status, having children, employment status, history of having mental illness, education, income and loneliness are factors that significantly predict depressive symptoms among general population during COVID-19 pandemic. These social determinants and loneliness were found as predictive factors of depressive symptoms among general population during COVID-19 pandemic.</em></p> Putu Ayu Emmy Savitri Karin, Ni Komang Semara Yanti, Ni Nyoman Clara Listya Dewi Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/1006 Tue, 08 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Depression, Ansietas and Stress Level When Final Exams Assessment in Muhammadiyah Vocational School of Students https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/971 <p><em>Several stresors that occur in adolescents can cause various negative conditions, including anxiety, depression and psychotic disorders. Depressive conditions that last a long time and do not get the right treatment will cause mental problems in adolescents. Depression, anxiety and stress problems cause health problems for the next generation in Indonesia and the world. This study aims to determine the prevalence level of depression, anxiety and stress in female adolescents when final exams assessment at SMK Muhammadiyah Baturetno, Wonogiri Regency, Indonesia. The study used a descriptive quantitative design with a cross-sectional approach. The instrument applied in this study was the DASS42 questionnaire which had been applied in several previous studies. The population in the study were all teenage students at SMK Muhammadiyah Baturetno. The sampling technique used purposive sampling. The research sample was 289 female students at SMK Muhammadiyah Baturetno.</em> <em>Most of the respondents based on gender characteristics experienced mild stres as many as 112 (38.8%), based on the age characteristics experienced mild anxiety was at the age of 17 years a number of 52 (17.9%), based on class, the most experienced experienced anxiety. mild as many as 75 (25.9%) are class 1 respondents. The results of the study, the prevalence of depression was 35 (12.1%), anxiety was 115 (39.8%) and stress was 139 (48.1%).</em></p> Susana Nurtanti, Sri Handayani Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/971 Wed, 09 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of the Risk Factors Related to Suicide Idea Among Adolescent : A Literature Review https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/870 <p><em>Suicide is cause of death in 15 -29 years age group number second in 2014. This study aims to explain related to internal and eksternal factors and suicide idea among adolescent. Study literature review was used in this study with sample adolescent age 10 – 19 years conducted three electronic databases (Scopus, Science Direct and ProQuest) which published between January 2015 - September 2020</em>. <em>Analysis of selected journals used prisma check list by assessing a suitable journal. with the aim of review literature topics ranging from title, abstract, background, research methods, research results.</em> <em> Journal quality was assessed by 3 researchers using critical appraisal checklist from The Joanna Briggs Institute and process selection a literature using The Center for Review and Dissemination. Internal factors cause suicidal ideation are biological, demographics, psychological, deviant behavior, and lifestyle. External factors cause suicidal ideation are negative life experiences, family, economic, friendship, technology and education. We found that peer support, good relationships with classmates and teachers, physical activity, a good diet and positive religious coping were protective factors against suicidal ideation. Internal factors such as history of previous suicide, depression, anxiety and external factors such as adequate food intake, history of suicide in family are variables that have highest potential to cause suicidal ideation.</em></p> Ipung Jatmiko, Rizki Fitryasari, Rr Dian Tristiana Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/870 Wed, 09 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Levels in the Community of Tabanan District During the Covid-19 Pandemic https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/943 <p>The increasing number of COVID-19 cases and misinformation is confusing and raises public anxiety. People become worried and anxious about the current situation. The pandemic causes psychological changes such as stress, anxiety, and depression. This study aims to determine depression, anxiety, and stress levels in Tabanan District's community during the pandemic. This research was a descriptive-analytic study using quantitative research methods with a cross-sectional research design. The population in this study was the people of Tabanan District. This study uses the DASS-21 questionnaire. The analysis results showed that the respondents are predominantly (73%) have normal conditions in depression. The level of community anxiety was in the normal range (65,8%). The stress level was also in the normal range (70,8%). The condition shows that the dominant community is at the normal level for depression, anxiety, and stress. However,3.8%ven had a severe level of depression, 6% had an extremely severe level of anxiety, and 3.8% had an extremely severe stress level. The number that is not so big must get more attention from the government so that the respondent's condition does not worsen, which can cause harm to themselves and those around them during the COVIC-19 pandemic.</p> Ni Made Sintha Pratiwi Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/943 Wed, 09 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Progressive Muscle Relaxation Therapy as an Effort to Reduce Anxitety in Physical Diseases https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/833 <p><em>Anxiety is often experienced by many people in their daily life. According to data of WHO, there are about 35 million people affected by depression, 60 million people with bipolar disorder, 21 million affected by schizophrenia, and 47.5 million affected by dementia. Meanwhile in Indonesia, the prevalence of people with mental emotional disturbance with symptomps of depression and anxiety aged 15 years or over reaches 9.8% of the Indonesian population, and the prevalence of mental disorders reaches 7 per mil. One of the non-pharmacological therapies that can help to reduce anxiety is the Progressive Muscle Relaxation therapy. This study aims to determine the effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation therapy on reducing anxiety. The method of writing this article uses Systematic review through article searching process on electronic databases (Science Direct, ProQuest, Scopus, and Google Scholar). This review uses keywords namely "Psychotherapy" AND "Progressive Muscle Relaxation" AND "Anxiety" based on the PRISMA chart. The analysis was carried out on 12 rele.vant articles published in 2015-2020. Based on the results of the analysis, it was found that Progressive Muscle Relaxation Therapy is a psychotherapy that can be used effectively to reduce anxiety that can be done without spending money and can be done with flexible time.</em></p> Yefta Primasari, Endah Yuliany Rahmawati Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/833 Wed, 09 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Descriptive Study: Psychosocial Conditions of Nurses Handling Patients with Covid 19 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/924 <p>The COVID 19 pandemic has an impact on all aspects of life, including nurses in hospitals who treat COVID 19 patients. The impact of COVID 19 is not only on the physical aspect but also on psychosocial problems. The psychosocial impact of COVID 19 on nurses is due to the risk of being infected and the perception that they can infect other people, the use of PPE, stigma in society, and changes to health protocol guidelines. This study used a descriptive technique with a total sampling of 31 nurses. The questionnaire used is the SRQ-29. The results of this study indicate that the mental emotional conditions of the nurses who handled the suspected COVID 19 and COVID 19 confirmation patients were mostly in good health or did not experience symptoms of mental emotional disorders amount 29 nurses (93.55%). In the questionnaire related to the use of psychoactive substances, most nurses did not use psychoactive substances, amount 31 nurses (100%). On the questionnaire related to psychotic symptoms, most of them did not experience psychotic symptoms amount 31 nurses (100%). In the PTSD symptom questionnaire, most of them did not experience PTSD symptoms, amount 22 nursesc (71.97%).</p> Heri Setiawan, Sumawan Sumawan, Adi Dwi Pramono Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/924 Wed, 09 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Effectiveness of The Emotional Spiritual Freedom Technique Dzikir's Combination on Decrease of Insomnia Events https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/1025 <p>The National Sleep Foundation America reports that 80% of erderly have trouble sleeping. Meeting the need for sleep rest in the elderly can be improved by teaching stimulating ways to motivate sleep. Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique combined with dhikr therapy can calm the heart and can provide purity. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique combination of dzikir to reduce the incidence of insomnia in the elderly. The design used in this study was a pre-experimental design with one group pre-test-posttest design approach. The sample in this study amounted to 64 people using the total sampling technique. The independent variable is the Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique Combination of Dhikr and the dependent variable is the decrease in the incidence of insomnia. The research instrument used a checklist observation sheet using construct validity and then analyzed using the Mc Nemar test.&nbsp; Based on the results of the Mc test. The Nemar test with a level of error (α) = 0.05 obtained a value of p = 0.000 (p &lt;α), which means that there is a significant effect of the application of the Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique Combination of Dzikir on the decrease in the incidence of insomnia in the elderly.</p> Sopian Halid, Irwan Hadi, Zulkahfi Zulkahfi, Baiq Nurainun Apriani Idris, Dian Istiana Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj/article/view/1025 Sun, 13 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000