Penatalaksanaan Psikologis pada Penderita Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Authors

  • Suprataba Suprataba Universitas Hasanuddin RSUD Madani Palu
  • Ariyanti Saleh RSUD Madani Palu
  • Takdir Tahir Universitas Hasanuddin

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32584/jikj.v4i1.735

Keywords:

cognitive interventions, psychoeducation, psychological debriefing, psychological interventions, PTSD

Abstract

Saat ini PTSD masih menjadi masalah global. Penanganan PTSD dapat dilakukan dengan tindakan psikoterapi, obat-obatan dan kombinasi keduanya. Beberapa ragam studi intervensi psikoterapi telah dilakukan pada penderita PTSD yang semuanya telah terbukti dapat menurunkan gejala PTSD. Tujuan dari review ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana bentuk penatalaksanaan psikologis pada penderita PTSD yang diharapkan dapat menjadi ragam pilihan untuk perawatan penderita PTSD. Pencarian artikel dilakukan pada 4 database yaitu PubMed, Wiley, Science Direct dan Google Scholar. Studi pada penelitian ini berfokus pada intervensi psikologis pada penderita PTSD, artikel yang dipublikasikan tahun 2017-2020, full text dan studi berbahasa Inggris. Kata kunci yang digunakan yaitu “psychological interventions” OR “cognitive interventions” OR “psychoeducation” OR “psychological debriefing” AND "post traumatic stress disorder" OR “PTSD” OR "PTSD patient". Terdapat 65 artikel yang sesuai dengan pertanyaan penelitian, namun hanya 24 artikel yang masuk dalam kriteria inklusi. Ada beberapa intervensi psikologis  yang digunakan dalam menangani PTSD yang secara efektif dapat mengurangi gejala PTSD. Ragam intervensi psikologis ini dapat meningkatkan kualitas kesehatan penderita PTSD. Temuan dalam studi ini menawarkan alternatif intervensi-intervensi psikologis berbasis kognitif dan telah menunjukkan bukti dan implikasi yang positif bagi penderita PTSD.

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Published

2021-03-07

How to Cite

Suprataba, S., Saleh, A., & Tahir, T. (2021). Penatalaksanaan Psikologis pada Penderita Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa, 4(1), 9–20. https://doi.org/10.32584/jikj.v4i1.735