Factors Related to the Depression of Health Workers During the Covid-19 Pandemic
Keywords:covid-19, depression, health workers
AbstractPrevious studies have reported psychological disorders experienced by health workers such as anxiety, stress and depression during a pandemic will leave trauma that can last 1 - 3 years afterward. The systematic review study of the causes of depression from various countries can be an effort to determine prevention, treatment and rehabilitation measures for medical personnel who experience depression due to COVID-19 in Indonesia. Systematic searches were carried out in June - July 2020 through PubMed, Google Scholar, NIH, CDC, and Science Direct. Keywords: “COVID 19 and depression and Health workers” and “COVID 19 and depression”, “COVID 19 and depression and Health workers and factors associated” and “COVID 19 and depression and review”. The critical assessment of the article is carried out by the authors of all authors. There were 8 articles that met the inclusion criteria involving 16,107 health workers from around the world. Most of depression is caused by changes in work patterns that are increasingly busy, dense, risky, and also draining the mind and energy of health workers, especially those working on the front lines. Fear of contagion also dominates the factors that cause depression.
Atmojo, J., Arradini, D., Ernawati, E., Widiyanto, A., & Darmayanti, A. (2020). Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in the Covid-19 Pandemic Era. Jurnal Keperawatan, 12(3), 355-362. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32583/keperawatan.v12i3.781.
Bai Y, Lin CC, Lin CY, Chen JY, Chue CM, Chou P. Survey of stress reactions among health care workers involved with the SARS outbreak. Psychiatr Serv. 2004;55(9):1055-1057. doi:10.1176 / appi. ps.55.9.1055.
Elbay R Y, Kurtulmuş A, Arpacıoğlu S, Karadere E. (2020). ‘Depression, anxiety, stress levels of physicians and associated factors in Covid-19 pandemics’. Psychiatry Research 290 (2020) 113130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113130.
Guiroy, A. Gagliardi, Coombes, Landriel, Zanardi, Camino Guyot,Valacco (2020) ‘COVID-19 Impact Among Spine Surgeons in Latin America’, Global Spine Journal. doi: 10.1177/ 2192568220928032.
Handayani, R., Kuntari, S., Darmayanti, A., Widiyanto, A., Atmojo, J. (2020). Factors Causing Stress in Health and Community When the Covid-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa, 8(3) 353-360. https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.8.3.2020.353-360.
Lai, J. Ma, Wang, Cai, Hu, Wei, Wu, Du, Chen, Li, Tan, Kang, Yao, Huang, Wang,Wang, Liu, Hu. (2020) ‘Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019’, JAMA network open. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3976.
Liberati, A. Altman, Tetzlaff, Mulrow, Gotzsche, Ioannidis, Clarke, Devereaux, Kleijnen, and Moher (2009) ‘The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate healthcare interventions: explanation and elaboration’, Bmj, 339(jul21 1), pp. b2700–b2700. doi: 10.1136/bmj.b2700.
Liu, Q. Luo, Haase, Guo, Wang, Liu, Xia, Liu,Yang, Yang. (2020) ‘The experiences of health-care providers during the COVID-19 crisis in China: a qualitative study’, The Lancet Global Health. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30204-7.
Liu, X. Kakade, Fuller, Fan, Fang, Kong, Guan, Wu. (2012) ‘Depression after exposure to stressful events: Lessons learned from the severe acute respiratory syndrome epidemic’, Comprehensive Psychiatry. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2011.02.003.
McAlonan, G. (McAlonan, Lee, Cheung, Cheung, Tsang, Sham, Chua, SWong. (2007) ‘Immediate and sustained psychological impact of an emerging infectious disease outbreak on health care workers’, Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. doi: 10.1177/ 070674370 705 200406.
Shader, RI. (2020). ‘COVID-19 and Depression’. Clinical Therapeutics. Volume 42, Number 6. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/ j.clinthera. 2020.04.010.
Taghizadeh, F. Hassannia, Moosazadeh, Zarghami, Taghizadeh, Dooki, Navaei, Hedayatizadeh (2020) ‘Anxiety and Depression in Health Workers and General Population During COVID-19 Epidemic in IRAN: A Web-Based Cross-Sectional Study’, medRxiv, (May), p. 2020.05.05.20089292. doi: 10.1101/2020.05.05.20089292.
Tan, B. Y. Q. Chew, Lee, Jing, Goh, Yeo, Zhang, Chin, Ahmad, Khan, Shanmugam, Chan, Sunny, Chandra, Ong, Paliwal,Wong, Sagayanathan, Chen, Ying Ng, Teoh, Ho, Sharma. (2020) ‘Psychological Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Health Care Workers in Singapore’, Annals of Internal Medicine. doi: 10.7326/m20-1083
Wang, C. Pan, R. Wan, X Tan, Y. Xu, L. Ho, CS. Ho, R C. (2020) ‘Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in China’, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17051729.
World Health Organization. Statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Published January 30, 2020. https://www.who.int/news-room/ detail¬ /30-01 -2020-statement-on-the-secondmeeting of-the-inter¬national-health-regulations (2005) -emergency -committee-regarding-the-outbreakof-novel-coronavirus-(2019-ncov).
Wang W, Tang J, Wei F. Updated understanding of the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Wuhan, China. J Med Virol. 2020;92(4):441-447. doi:10.1002/jmv.25689.
Xiang, Y. T. Yang, Li, Zhang, Zhang, Cheung, Ng. (2020) ‘Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed’, The Lancet Psychiatry. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30046-8.
Zhang, W. R., Wang, K., Yin, L., Zhao, W. F., Xue, Q., Peng, M., Wang, H. X. (2020). Mental Health and Psychosocial Problems of Medical Health Workers during the COVID-19 Epidemic in China. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 89(4), 242–250. https://doi.org/10.1159/000507639.
Zhu, Z., Xu, S., Wang, H., Liu, Z., Wu, J., Li, G., Wang, W. (2020). COVID-19 in Wuhan: Sociodemographic characteristics and hospital support measures associated with the immediate psychological impact on healthcare workers. EClinicalMedicine, 24. https://doi.org/10.1016¬/j.eclinm.-2020.¬100443.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.