An Analysis of the Social Interaction Disorder Concept


  • Vivi Sovianti Universitas Diponegoro
  • Meidiana Dwidiyanti Universitas Diponegoro
  • Dian Yuli Wijayanti Universitas Diponegoro



concept analysis, social interaction, social isolation


Social interaction disorder is a condition where a person does not have a good interaction with others, society, and the environment. This will affect the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects of the patient. Feelings that arise afterward will negatively impact and endanger the patient. The purpose of this literature is to clarify the concept of social interaction. Analysis of the concept of social interaction using the Walker and Avants method. This method uses an eight-step approach to conceptual analysis of social interaction. The concepts identified are 1) concept selection; 2) determine the purpose or objective of the analysis; 3) identify all concepts used; 4) define the attributes that define the concept; 5) create a case model; 6) forming a boundary line; 7) identify antecedents and consequences; and 8) define empirical references. The concept analysis of social interaction consist antecedent, attributes, and consequences. The antecedents of social interaction disorder is caused by low self-esteem, excessive anxiety, assuming that interact with others is not important, feeling useless, being alone and unpleasant experiences. The attributes of social interaction. Social isolation can be structurally described as disrupted social interaction, lack of contact and loss of relations with other people, family, friends or even the environment. For positive social interactions, we found that people who experience social interaction disorders prefer to have a relationship with someone who is considered worthy of interaction. Social isolation can cause disruption of social interaction. The negative effects caused are loneliness, depression, hallucinations and suicide.


Boyden, J., Dawes, A., Dornan, P., & Tredoux, C. (2019). Middle childhood: Tracing the Consequences of Child Poverty, 39(10), 73–100.

Cacioppo, J. T., & Cacioppo, S. (2014). Social relationships and health: The toxic effects of perceived social isolation. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 8(2), 58–72.

Chan, J. N. M., & (2017). Interaction effect of social isolation and high dose corticosteroid on neurogenesis and emotional behavior. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 11(February), 1–10.

Daina, C. et al. (2019). The impressionable social self of schizophrenia: Neural correlates of self-other confusion after social interaction.

Evans, I. E. M., Llewellyn, D. J., Matthews, F. E., Woods, R. T., Brayne, C., Clare, L., Bennett, K. (2018). Social isolation, cognitive reserve, and cognition in healthy older people. PLoS ONE, 13(8), 1–14.

Gilmartin, H. M., Grota, P. G., & Sousa, K. (2011). Isolation : A Concept Analysis.

King, I. M. (1997). King’s theory of goal attainment in practice. Nursing Science Quarterly, 10(4), 180–185.

Maxson & Mitchell. (2019). Anticipated pleasure for positive and negative social interaction outcomes in schizophrenia. Physiology & Behavior, 176(1), 139–148.

Perissinotto, C. M., & Covinsky, K. E. (2014). Living Alone, Socially Isolated or Lonely—What are We Measuring? Journal of General Internal Medicine, 29(11), 1429–1431.

Rehan, M., Assistant, M., & Masoom, M. R. (2016). Social Isolation: A Conceptual Analysis. Research J. Humanities and Social Sciences, 7(4), 277–281.

Ryan, A. K., & Willits, F. K. (2015). Family Ties, Physical Health, and Psychological Well-Being. 907–920.

Walker, L. O., & Avant, K. C. (2005). Strategies for theory construction in nursing (4th ed). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

Wang, J., Lloyd-Evans, B., Giacco, D., Forsyth, R., Nebo, C., Mann, F., & Johnson, S. (2017). Social isolation in mental health: a conceptual and methodological review. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 52(12), 1451–1461.

Webster, M. (2004). Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary. United States of America: Merriam Webster Incorporated.

Williams, L. A. (2012). Imogene King’s Interacting System Theory: Application in Emergency and Rural Nursing. Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care, 2(1), 40–50.

Wilson, C. A., & Koenig, J. I. (2014). Social interaction and social withdrawal in rodents as readouts for investigating the negative symptoms of schizophrenia. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 24(5), 759–773.




How to Cite

Sovianti, V., Dwidiyanti, M., & Wijayanti, D. Y. (2021). An Analysis of the Social Interaction Disorder Concept. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa, 4(1), 1–8.