Decreasing Symptoms of Risk of Violent Behavior in Schizophrenia Patients Through Group Activity Therapy

Jek Amidos Pardede, Bijaksana Laia

Abstract


The risk of violent behavior is a symptom of schizophrenia patients that can be controlled through Perception Stimulation Group Activity therapy. Therapy Activity Group Perception Stimulation is an effort to train clients to perceive the stimulus provided or stimulus that has ever been experienced. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Perception Stimulation Group Activity Therapy on changes in risk symptoms of violent behavior in schizophrenic patients. This study uses a quasi-experimental pre-post test method. The population in this study amounted to 168 people with a total sample of 17 people. The sampling technique was purposive sampling. The research instrument used was a questionnaire and observation sheet. The results of this study were analyzed by univariate analysis and bivariate analysis by Paired T-Test. The results showed there was an influence of Perception Stimulation Group Activity Therapy on Changes in Risk Symptoms of Violent Behavior before and after Group Activity Therapy with P-value = 0,000 <p = 0.05. Researchers concluded that group activity therapy had a significant effect on reducing the risk symptoms of violent behavior in Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ildrem Provsu mental hospital Medan City.


Keywords


group activity therapy; risk of violent behaviors; schizophrenia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amalia, R. F. (2019). Efektifitas TAK Stimulasi Persepsi Terhadap Ekspresi Kemarahan Pada Klien Dengan Riwayat Perilaku Kekerasan Di Ruang MPKP Gelatik RRJ Prof, Hb, Sa’anin Padang Tahun 2018. Menara Ilmu, 13(6). https://doi.org/10.33559/mi.v13i6.1416

Hidayati, E. (2012). Pengaruh Terapi Kelompok Suportif terhadap Kemampuan Mengatasi Perilaku Kekerasan pada Klien Skizofrenia Di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Dr. Amino Gondohutomo Kota Semarang. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional & Internasional (Vol. 1, No. 1). https://jurnal.unimus.ac.id/index.php/psn12012010/article/view/524

Kandar, K., & Iswanti, D. I. (2019). Faktor Predisposisi dan Prestipitasi Pasien Resiko Perilaku Kekerasan. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa, 2(3), 149-156.http://dx.doi.org/10.32584/jikj.v2i3.226

Keliat, B.A, & Pawirowiyono.A,. (2016). Keperawanan Jiwa : Terapi Aktivitas Kelompok. Jakarta. EGC.

Pardede, J. A., Siregar, L. M., & Hulu, E. P. (2020). Efektivitas Behaviour Therapy Terhadap Risiko Perilaku Kekerasan Pada Pasien Skizofrenia Di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ildrem Provsu Medan. Jurnal Mutiara Ners, 3(1), 8-14. http://114.7.97.221/index.php/NERS/article/view/1005

Pardede, J. A., Keliat, B. A., & Yulia, I. (2015). Kepatuhan dan Komitmen Klien Skizofrenia Meningkat Setelah Diberikan Acceptance And Commitment Therapy dan Pendidikan Kesehatan Kepatuhan Minum Obat. Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia, 18(3), 157-166. doi: https://doi.org/10.7454/jki.v18i3.419

Pardede, J. A., Simanjuntak, G. V., & Laia, R. (2020). The Symptoms of Risk of Violence Behavior Decline after Given Prgressive Muscle Relaxation Therapy on Schizophrenia Patients. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa, 3(2), 91-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.32584/jikj.v3i2.534

Persson, M., Sturup, J., Belfrage, H., & Kristiansson, M. (2018). Self-reported violent ideation and its link to interpersonal violence among offenders with mental disorders and general psychiatric patients. Psychiatry research, 261, 197-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.12.079

Potter, P.A. & Perry, A.G. (2010). Fundamental of Nursing: Concept, Process, and Practice. Mosby Year Book, Inc.

Riskesdas (2018). Hasil Utama Riskesdas 2018 Kementerian Kesehatan Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan.https://www.kemkes.go.id/resources/ download/ info-terkini/hasil-riskesdas-2018

Stuart, G. W., Keliat, B. A., & Pasaribu, J. (2016). Prinsip dan praktik keperawatan kesehatan jiwa Stuart. Singapore: Elseiver.

Suerni, T., & Livana, P. H. (2019). Respons Pasien Perilaku Kekerasan. Jurnal Penelitian Perawat Profesional, 1(1), 41-46. https://doi.org/10.37287/jppp.v1i1.16

Sujarwo, S., & Livana, P. H. (2019). Studi Fenomenologi: Strategi Pelaksanaan Yang Efektif Untuk Mengontrol Perilaku Kekerasan Menurut Pasien Di Ruang Rawat Inap Laki Laki. Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa, 6(1), 29-35.https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.6.1.2018.29-35

Townsend, M. C. (2013). Psychiatric Mental Healt Nursing : Concepts of Care in Evidence-Based Practice (7th ed.), Philadelphia : F.A. Davis.

Videbeck, S.L, .(2011). Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, fifth edition. Philadelphia:Wolters Kluwer, Lippincot William & Wilkins.

Wibowo, F., & Hartoyo, M. (2012). Pengaruh Terapi Aktivitas Kelompok: Stimulasi Persepsi Sesi I-III Terhadap Kemampuan Mengenal dan Mengontrol Perilaku Kekerasan Pada Pasien Perilaku Kekerasan di RSJD dr. Amino Gondohutomo Semarang. Karya Ilmiah. http://112.78.40.115/e-journal/index.php/ilmukeperawatan/article/view/54

Widyastini, B.I., Rochmawati, D.H., & Purnomo (2014). Pengaruh Terapi Aktivitas Kelompok : Stimulasi Persepsi Sesi I – V Terhadap Kemampuan Mengontrol Dan Mengekspresikan Marah Pada Pasien Risiko Perilaku Kekerasan. Karya Ilmiah.http://ejournal.stikestelogorejo.ac.id/index.php/ ilmukeperawatan/article/view/209

WHO (2019). Schizophrenia. Retrieved from. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/ detail/schizophrenia




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32584/jikj.v3i3.621

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats

Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia Jawa Tengah

Central Java Nursing Center, Jl. Yos Sudarso No. 47-49 Genuk, Ungaran Barat, Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia

Tel / fax : (024) 769 13574 / (024) 769 13575 | Email: jurnalilmukeperawatanjiwa@gmail.com

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.