Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Description in Victims of Natural Post Eruption of Merapi One Decade


  • Dwi Erna Wati Universitas Indonesia
  • Mustikasari Mustikasari Universitas Indonesia
  • Ria Utami Panjaitan Universitas Indonesia



natural disasters, merapi eruption, PTSD


The eruption of Mount Merapi at the end of 2010 was recorded as the biggest eruption in the last 100 years. Survivors (survivors) can experience serious long-term psychological effects that have an influence on psychological well-being in carrying out daily activities. One of the symptoms most often found in victims of natural disasters is post-traumatic stress or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The writing of this article is to find out the description of PTSD in victims of the natural disaster of the eruption of Mount Merapi for a decade. This type of descriptive qualitative research, with a population of adults (20-60 years) of 220 people who experienced post-eruption of Merapi in 2010, the sample according to inclusion criteria, namely dukuh and seven residents. Data collection is done by interview and observation. The results show that at this time the population / community is still showing signs and symptoms of PTSD which is feeling sad as if re-experiencing the eruption of Merapi in 2010, still feeling trauma (easily remembering the eruption of Mount Merapi when it did not want to remember it), anxiety when Merapi experienced increased activity and hopes that the Merapi eruption in 2010 will not happen again.


American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder. (edisi kelima). Washington, DC: Author.

Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB). (2018). Data Informasi Bencana Indonesia. Diakses melalui countrycode=id

Beck institute for Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. (2014). Goal of Cognitive Therapy. retrieved

Centre for Research on The Epidemiology of Disaster/ CERD (2018). Disater in numbers. Retrieved from: hhtp://

DSM-5 American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostik dan manual statistik gangguan mental. Arlington, TX: American Phsychiatric Publishing. Durham, RC, Chambers, JA, Power, KG, Sharp. D.

Fang, S. C., Schnurr, P. P., Kurlish, A, L., Holowka, D. W., Marx, B. P., Keane, T. M., & Rosen, R. (2015). Psychosocial Functioning and Health-Releted Quality of Life Associated with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder In Male and Female Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans: The VALOR Registry. Journal of Women's Health, 24(12), 1038-1046

Hlodversdottir, H., Petursdottir, G., Carlsen, H. K., Gislason, T., & Hauksdottir, A. (2016). Long-term health effects of the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption : a prospective cohort study in 2010 and 2013.

Holsboer-trachsler, E., & Brand, S. (2015). The effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy with respect to psychological symptoms and recovering autobiographical memory in patients suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder, 395–405.

Keliat B. A., dkk (2019). Asuhan Keperawatan Jiwa. Jakarta: EGC

Keliat, B. A., & Pasaribu, J. (2016). Prinsip dan praktik keperawatan kesehatan jiwa Stuart. Singapura: Elsevier Pte Ltd.

Lopes, A., P., Marcedo, T., Coutinho, E. S., Figueira, I., & Ventura, P. R. (2014). Systematic review of the efficacy of cognitive-behaviour therapy related treatmens for victims of natural disasters: A worldwide problem. PLoS One,9(10). e109013

Pagotto, L. F., Mendlowicsz, M. V., Coutinho, E. S. F., Figueira, I., Luz, M. P., Araujo, A. X., & Berger, W. (2015). The impact of posttraumatic symptoms and comorbid mental disorders on the health-related quality of life in treatment-seeking PTSD patients. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 58, 68-73

Polit, D. F., Beck, C. (2012). Nursing Research: Generating and Assesing for Nursing Practice (9th). Wolter Kluwe Health: Lippincott Williams & Willkins.

Stuart, G. W. (2016). Prinsip dan Praktik Keperawatan Kesehatan Jiwa Stuart. (B. A. Keliat & J. Pasaribu, Eds.) (1st ed.). Singapore: Elsevier Singapore.

Varcarolis, E. M. (2013). Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing: A Communication Approach to Evidence-Based Care. (2 nd ed). New York: Elsevier.

Warsini, S., Buettner, P., Mills, J., West, C., & Usher, K. (2014). The Psychosocial Impact of the Environmental Damage Caused by the MT Merapi Eruption on Survivors in Indonesia, 491–501.

Warsini, Sri, M, M., Buettner, P., D, P., Mills, J., & D, P. (2015). Post-traumatic stress disorder among survivors two years after the 2010 Mount Merapi volcano eruption : A survey study *, 173–180.




How to Cite

Wati, D. E., Mustikasari, M., & Panjaitan, R. U. (2020). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Description in Victims of Natural Post Eruption of Merapi One Decade. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa, 3(2), 101–112.