DUKUNGAN KELUARGA TERHADAP KUALITAS HIDUP KLIEN KANKER STADIUM III DAN IV DI RUMAH SAKIT KANKER

Layya Notiva Dewi, Ice Yulia Wardani

Abstract


Abstrak

Angka kejadian kanker stadium III dan IV pada usia dewasa semakin meningkat tiap tahunnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan dukungan keluarga dengan kualitas hidup anggota keluarganya yang menderita kanker stadium III dan IV. Desain penelitian yang digunakan deskriptif korelatif dengan metode analisis univariat dan bivariat. Jumlah sampel 79 responden. Hasil penelitian didapatkan tidak ada hubungan signifikan antara dukungan keluarga yang meliputi dukungan emosional, dukungan instrumental, dukungan informasi, dan dukungan penghargaan terhadap kualitas hidup klien kanker stadium III dan IV. Perawat dalam menghadapi klien sebaiknya menggali koping adaptif, aspek positif, dan aspek spiritualitas klien tidak hanya memberikan dukungan psikologis dalam upaya peningkatan kualitas hidup klien itu sendiri.

Kata kunci: dukungan keluarga; kualitas hidup; kanker.

 

Abstract

The incidence of stage III and stage IV cancer in adulthood is increasing every year. This study aims to determine the relationship of the family support to quality of life of family members who have stage III and/or stage IV cancer. The design study is descriptive correlative with univariate and bivariate analysis methods. The numbers of respondents are 79. The results showed no significant relationship between family supports includes emotional support, instrumental support, informational support, appraisal support and the quality of life of clients who have stage III and IV cancer. In dealing with clients, nurses should explore adaptive coping, positive, and spiritual aspects of the client, not only provide psychological support to improving quality of life of the client itself.

Keywords: family support; quality of life; cancer

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32584/jpi.v1i2.48

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