Karakteristik dan Efikasi Diri Keluarga Pasien dengan Infark Miokard

Yusshy Kurnia Herliani, Hasniatisari Harun, Anita Setyawati, Siti Ulfah Rifaatul Fitri

Abstract


Infark miokard menjadi salah satu penyakit yang menyebabkan tingginya angka kematian dan kecacatan di Indonesia. Perkembangan pengobatan telah banyak terbukti menurunkan angka kematian akibat infark mioard. Dukungan keluarga diperlukan untuk mengoptimalkan penderita patuh terhadap pengobatan dan menjalankan pola hidup sehat sebagai bagian dari rehabilitasi jantung. Efikasi diri menjadi penting dalam memberi dukungan keluarga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran karakteristik dan efikasi diri keluarga pasien dengan infark miokard di Indonesia. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif yang melibatkan 60 anggota keluarga pasien dengan infark miokard yang dirawat di CICU dan HCCU Rumah Sakit Hasan Sadikin. Prosedur pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian ini menggunakan teknik convenience sampling dan responden diminta untuk mengisi kuesioner. Hasil penelitian ini, usia rata-rata anggota keluarga pasien adalah 45,58 tahun dan mayoritas berjenis kelamin  perempuan. Hampir setengah dari keluarga pasien memiliki tingkat pendidikan SMA dan lebih dari setengah pasien memiliki riwayat keluarga terkait dengan penyakit jantung. Mayoritas anggota keluarga pasien tidak memiliki pengalaman dalam merawat pasien penyakit jantung sebelumnya. Skor rata-rata efikasi diri anggota keluarga untuk merawat pasien adalah 6,55. Kesimpulannya, memberikan intervensi kepada pasien dan keluarga sangat penting untuk meningkatkan efikasi keluarga dalam merawat pasien infark miokard pasca serangan.

 

Kata kunci: Efikasi diri, infark miokard, karakteristik keluarga

 

 

Abstract

Characteristics and Self-Efficacy of Family Care Giver of Patient with Myocardial Infarction in Indonesia. Myocardial infarction is one of the diseases that cause high mortality and disability in Indonesia. The development of treatment has been shown to reduce the incidence of death due to myocardial infarction. Family support is essential to optimize the patient's adherence to treatment and promote a healthy lifestyle as part of cardiac rehabilitation. Self-efficacy is important in providing family support. This study aimed to provide an overview of the characteristics and self-efficacy of family of patients with myocardial infarction in Indonesia. This study was a quantitative descriptive study involving 60 family members of patients with myocardial infarction hospitalized at CICU and HCCU in Hasan Sadikin Hospital. The sampling procedure in this study used convenience sampling techniques and respondents were asked to fill out a questionnaire. The average age of the patient's family members was 45.58 years and the majority was female. Nearly half of patients' families have high school education levels and more than half of patients have a family history of heart disease. The majority of patients' family members have no experience in treating heart disease patient previously. The average score for self-efficacy of family members to treat patients is 6.55. Conclusions is giving intervention to patients and families is very important to improve family efficacy in treating patients with myocardial infarction after an attack.

 

Keywords: Self-efficacy, myocardial infarction, family characteristics


Keywords


efikasi diri; infark miokard; karakteristik keluarga

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32584/jpi.v3i3.423

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