Efektifitas Metode Konseling Spiritual terhadap Motivasi Pasien Kanker dalam Menjalani Kemoterapi

Nunung Febriany Sitepu, Asrizal Asrizal, Lufthiani Lufthiani

Abstract


Konseling spiritual adalah proses pemberian bantuan kepada individu agar memiliki kemampuan untuk mengembangkan fitrahnya sebagai makhluk beragama (homo religious), berperilaku sesuai dengan nilai-nilai agama (berakhlak mulia), dan mengatasi masalah-masalah kehidupan melalui pemahaman, keyakinan, dan praktik-praktik ibadah ritual agama yang dianutnya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa pengaruh konseling terhadap motivasi pasien kanker dan menganalisa motivasi pasien kanker sebelum dan sesudah dilakukan konseling spiritual. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah quasi eksperimen dengan 60 responden dibagi menjadi dua kelompok yaitu 30 kelompok intervensi dan 30 kelompok kontrol. Pengumpulan data dilakukan pada bulan Mei-September 2019 di Rumah Sakit Kota Medan. Kriteria inklusi pada penelitian ini adalah pasien yang menjalani kemoterapi pada siklus ke 3, kooperatif, dapat mendengar, tidak memiliki efek samping, dan dapat berbicara dengan baik.. Analisa data penelitian ini menggunakan Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test dan Mann Whitney Test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan signifikan motivasi pasien kanker antara kelompok intervensi dengan kelompok kontrol sesudah diberikan intervensi konseling spiritual dengan nilai p value = 0.001 (p <0.05). Efek positif dari konseling spiritual terhadap motivasi pasien kanker dapat dikaitkan dengan penyesuaian pendekatan konseling spiritual dengan budaya dan keyakinan individu dalam menanggapi masalah mental dan mencari makna dalam kehidupan manusia.

 

Kata kunci: Konseling; pasien kanker; spiritual

 

Abstract

The Effect of Spiritual Counseling Methods Towards Motivation of Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy at Hospital. Spiritual counseling is the process of providing assistance to individuals to have the ability to develop their fitrah as religious beings (homo religious), behave in accordance with religious values (noble character), and overcome life's problems through understanding, belief, and practices of worship religious rituals he adheres. The purpose of this study are: analyze the effect of counseling on the motivation of cancer patients and analyzing the motivation of cancer patients before and after spiritual counseling. The design of the research used is a quasi-experimental with 60 respondents divided two group, 30 intervention group and 30 control group.  Data collection taken from May – September 2019 at Hospital Medan. Criteria inclusion are: patient undergoing chemotherapy with 3 cycles, cooperative, can hear, no side effect, and can speak well. Data analysis by Wilcoxon rank and Mann Whitney test. The result significant difference in the value of intervention and control group   after give a intervention of counseling spiritual with a p value = 0.001 (p <0.05). The positive effect of spiritual counseling on motivation  of cancer patient can be attributed to the alignment of spiritual counseling approach with culture and the beliefs of individuals in response to mental concerns and being seeking the meaning in human life. 

Keywords: counseling; cancer patient;  spiritual


Keywords


keperawatan medikal bedah

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32584/jpi.v3i3.394

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