Animal-Assisted Therapy sebagai Pengobatan Pasien Autism Spectrum Disorder pada Anak

Jessica Sindy Sirait, Shinta Melia Desiana

Abstract


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) adalah developmental disability dimana seseorang mempunyai gangguan pada interaksi sosial, komunikasi, dan perilaku secara signifikan. Salah satu pengembangan yang dilakukan untuk pengobatan ASD adalah animal-assisted therapy (AAT). AAT adalah intervensi yang diarahkan pada tujuan dimana hewan yang memenuhi kriteria spesifik menjadi bagian integral dari proses pengobatan. AAT paling sering dilakukan untuk ASD adalah anjing, kuda, dan lumba-lumba. Metode yang digunakan pada penulisan ini adalah studi literature review menggunakan sumber pustaka 16 artikel/jurnal dari tahun 2011-2019. Proses pencarian sumber pustaka melalui Google Scholar, PubMed Central, dan Springer Link. Tema yang mendukung artikel ini yaituanimal-assisted therapy untuk pengobatan autism spectrum disorder. Hasil yang didapatkan menunjukkan bahwa AAT dapat mengembangkan kemampuan sosialiasi, bahasa, perilaku, serta motorik pada pasien ASD. Ulasan ini memberikan pengetahuan terkait terapi alternatif dengan hewan yang dapat dilakukan untuk pasien dengan autisme.

 

Kata kunci: animal-assisted therapy,gangguan spektrum autisme

 

ANIMAL-ASSISTED THERAPY AS A TREATMENT FOR AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER PATIENTS IN CHILDREN

 

ABSTRACT

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral disorder. One of the development carried out for ASD intervention is animal-assisted therapy (AAT). AAT is a goal-directed intervention in which ananimal that meets specific criteria is an integral part of the treatmentprocess.The method used in writingliterature review studies uses article library sources, where the search proses uses Google Scholar, PubMed Central, and Springer Link. The themes in the articles collected were related to the animal-assisted therapy for autism spectrum disorder treatment. The results that collected has shown that AAT can improve social skills, language skills, behaviour, and motor skills in ASD patient. This review provides knowledge related to alternative therapy with animal that can be done to patient with autism.

 

Keywords: animal-assisted therapy, autism spectrum disorder


Keywords


animal-assisted therapy, gangguan spektrum autisme

Full Text:

PDF

References


Beetz, A., Kotrschal, K., Turner, D. C., Hediger, K., Uvnäs-Moberg, K., & Julius, H. (2011). Anthrozoös A multidisciplinary journal of the interactions of people and animals The Effect of a Real Dog, Toy Dog and Friendly Person on Insecurely Attached Children During a Stressful Task: An Exploratory Study, 24(4), 349–368. https://doi.org/10.2752/175303711X13159027359746

Berry, A., Borgi, M., Francia, N., Alleva, E., & Cirulli, F. (2013). Use of assistance and therapy dogs for children with autism spectrum disorders: A critical review of the current evidence. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 19(2), 73–80. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2011.0835

Borgi, M., Loliva, D., Cerino, S., Chiarotti, F., Venerosi, A., Bramini, M., … Cirulli, F. (2015). Effectiveness of a Standardized Equine-Assisted Therapy Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2530-6

Burke, S. L., & Iannuzzi, D. (2014). Animal-Assisted Therapy for Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Animals in Social Work, 120–134.https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137372291_8

CDC. 2019. Autism Spectrum Disorder [Internet]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism

Fiksdal, B. L., Houlihan, D., & Barnes, A. C. (2012). Dolphin-Assisted Therapy: Claims versus Evidence. Autism Research and Treatment, 2012, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/839792

Gabriels, R. L., Agnew, J. A., Holt, K. D., Shoffner, A., Zhaoxing, P., Ruzzano, S., … Mesibov, G. (2012). Pilot study measuring the effects of therapeutic horseback riding on school-age children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6(2), 578–588. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2011.09.007

Griffioen, R., van der Steen, S., Cox, R. F. A., Verheggen, T., & Enders-Slegers, M.-J. (2019). Verbal Interactional Synchronization between Therapist and Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder during Dolphin Assisted Therapy: Five Case Studies. Animals, 9(10), 716. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9100716

Grigore, A. A., & Rusu, A. S. (2014). Interaction with a therapy dog enhances the effects of social story method in autistic children. Society and Animals, 22(3), 241–261. https://doi.org/10.1163/15685306-12341326

Holm, M. B., Baird, J. M., Kim, Y. J., Rajora, K. B., D’Silva, D., Podolinsky, L., … Minshew, N. (2015). Therapeutic Horseback Riding Outcomes of Parent-Identified Goals for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An ABA′ Multiple Case Design Examining Dosing and Generalization to the Home and Community, 44(4), 937–947. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1949-x.Therapeutic

Oktaviana, W., Amir, Y., & Indriati, G. (2015). Identifikasi tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang diet casein free dan gluten free pada anak autis. JOM FKp, 5(2), 677–682. Retrieved from https://jom.unri.ac.id/index.php/JOMPSIK/article/view/21390

Parish-Plass, N. Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy: Theory, Issues, and Practice. 2013. [Internet] Available from: https://books.google.co.id/books?id=5p12K4pN2iYC&printsec=frontcover&dq=animal+assisted+psychotherapy&hl=id&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiR6529gurlAhWGfysKHbzkDdcQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=animal%20assisted%20psychotherapy&f=false

Siewertsen, C. M., French, E. D., & Teramoto, M. (2015). Autism spectrum disorder and pet therapy. Advances in Mind-Body Medicine, 29(2), 22–25. Retrieved from http://www.advancesjournal.com/openaccess/Siewertsen.pdf

Turner, J. (2011). Animal Assisted Therapy and Autism Intervention : A Synthesis of the Literature. Retrieved from http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/gs_rp/119

Weitlauf, A. S., McPheeters, M. L., Peters, B., Sathe, N., Travis, R., Aiello, R., … Warren, Z. (2014). Therapies for children with autism spectrum disorder: behavioral intervensions update. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Retrieved from www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/reports/final.cfm

Zaw, C. C., Ahmad, N. B., & Min, M. (2017). Potential Benefits of Pet-Facilitated-Therapy (PFT) In Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Sch. J. App. Med. Sci, 5(4B), 1319–1325. https://doi.org/10.21276/sjams




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32584/jikj.v2i3.430

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats

Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia Jawa Tengah

Central Java Nursing Center, Jl. Yos Sudarso No. 47-49 Genuk, Ungaran Barat, Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia

Tel / fax : (024) 769 13574 / (024) 769 13575 | Email: jurnalilmukeperawatanjiwa@gmail.com

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.